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Care of the Elderly

09/03/2015 1:52 PM
Care of the Elderly

Statistically, the elderly is a person who is 60-65 or older. They are at a retired age, i.e. resting and living happily with their children and grandchildren in their families. Looking after the elderly requires understanding because it is the age that goes through many changes in life such as occupation, emotion, society, and physical change such as health problems. Looking after the elderly requires focus in every aspect, for example, nutritional care.

First and foremost, looking after the elderly’s quality of life requires consideration in terms of food and nutrition because internal organs starting to change and gradually deteriorate making it difficult to receive sufficient and balanced nutrition demanded by the body, which can be done by;

  • Eating sufficient amount of food and variation. Not only this will avoid having poor appetite for eating the same food every day, it will also ensure that the elderly receive all nutrition needed for the body.
  • The elderly should eat brown rice in order for the body to receive vitamins and fiber at the same time.
  • Focusing on eating newly cooked food. Avoiding food that requires seasoning, coloring, or spicy and pickled food.
  • Food for the elderly should be soft food, easy to chew, and easy to digest.
  • Eating fruits and vegetables, which should be seasonal vegetable to avoid residue.
  • Eating meat such as fish, lean meat, and egg regularly because these are sources of protein useful for the elderly’s body. Maximum 3 eggs per week.

Mental Health Care

The elderly may have anxiety and has not yet been able to adapt to the changes. Looking after mental health to relieve the anxiety in the following matters is the way to help the elderly adapt and realize his/her own value in order for them to live in the society happily;

  • Anxious about being a burden for the children. The elderly often worries that he/she would be a burden for others and would be abandoned. Looking after mental health of the elderly requires making the elderly feel that he/she is valuable and important in the eyes of his/her children. This can be done by talking and consulting about various matters and do not leave the elderly by himself/herself.
  • Sleepless, which affects the health. The elderly often has insomnia due to health problems such as arthritis, frequent urination. Apart from finding the cause and visiting doctor for advice, the elderly must exercise in the evening in order to fall asleep easier.
  • The elderly often forgets things, which may vary depending on individual. Scheduled routine should be made for the elderly to make them familiar with the routine and be able to look after themselves to certain extent.

Therefore, apart from looking after physical health and mental health of the elderly, making them accept or understand the changes that occurred also the them be able to look after themselves properly, which leads to good life quality and enables them to live in the society with good physical and mental health condition.